Conservation and Management
Two thirds of Clara Bog remain, with one third having been lost as a result of peat extraction. The construction of the Clara to Rahan road and associated drains, beginning in the late 18th century, bisected the bog, causing it to subside by up to six metres. The bog is believed to have had a central dome shape, but now has two domes, one on Clara Bog West and one on Clara Bog East respectively. This due to the subsidence of the bog towards the road on either side. In the 1980s, a dense network of surface drains were dug on Clara Bog East in preparation for commercial peat extraction. This never happened, and these drains have now been blocked.
Much work remains to be done in order to conserve this bog which is still drying out and subsiding. The bog has been the focus of national and international scientiﬁc investigation for many years. Understanding the ecohydrology (the study of the interactions between ecosystems and water) of the bog is key to its survival. As water is the lifeblood of all raised bogs, it is hoped that the ongoing long-term and intensive study of Clara Bog will also help to conserve other Irish raised bogs, of national and international conservation interest.